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Feasibility of same day discharge after robotic assisted pelvic floor reconstruction
Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Lerner College of Medicine Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Jun  2018 (Vol.  25, Issue  3, Pages( 9307 - 9312)
PMID: 29900817


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    Robotic surgical procedures have become more common in female pelvic reconstruction. Purported benefits of robotic assisted pelvic floor reconstruction (RAPFR) procedures include shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, lower blood loss, and decreased postoperative pain. Following RAPFR procedures, the current accepted practice is discharge after a one-night hospitalization. We assessed whether same day discharge (SDD) affects the short term safety of and patient satisfaction with robotic assisted pelvic floor reconstructive procedures, relative to those who remain hospitalized overnight.


    We retrospectively reviewed the charts of women who underwent RAPFR procedures between October 2015 and October 2016. A same day discharge protocol for RAPFR was initiated in July 2016. To date, 10 patients have undergone SDD. These patients were compared to the consecutive patients from the prior 9 months who stayed overnight. To evaluate short term safety, we reviewed the medical record for any unscheduled Cleveland Clinic emergency department (ED) and/or office visits within 30 days of the RAPFR procedure. We then sent a mailed survey to all patients, querying their pelvic organ prolapse-related PGI-I and also offering a postoperative satisfaction questionnaire. Demographic, perioperative, postoperative data and survey results were compared using Student’s t test and Fisher’s exact test.


    In our series, 38 patients (95%) underwent robotic assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC). Only 2 (5%) had a different RAPFR procedure, a robotic assisted vaginal mesh excision. Concomitant robotic assisted supracervical hysterectomy (SCH) was performed in 9 patients (30%) in the overnight group, whereas 1 of the SDD patients underwent SCH (10%). Demographics and operative characteristics did not differ between groups. Ultimately, patients in the SDD group were no more likely than the overnight group to require an unscheduled ED or office visit in the early postoperative period. With respect to satisfaction, no significant differences were observed between groups, with both groups noting substantial improvement in POP symptoms following surgery.


    In this pilot study, same day discharge after RAPFR procedures appears to be safe and feasible. RAPFR procedures were well-tolerated, with no difference in ED or non-urology office visits occurring during the early post-operative period in our series, regardless of length of stay. Patient satisfaction was equivalent between groups and universally high.