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Prostate cancer detection following diagnosis of atypical small acinar proliferation
Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Apr  2017 (Vol.  24, Issue  2, Pages( 8714 - 8720)
PMID: 28436357


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    To report the incidence and characteristics of cancer following a diagnosis of atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) and comment on current clinical practice recommendations.


    We reviewed patients that underwent prostate biopsy between 2008 and 2013 at a single institution. Men with ASAP without previous cancer were included. Clinicopathologic features including prostate-specific antigen (PSA), presence of ASAP or cancer, tumor volume, number of involved cores, and Gleason score were analyzed in men that received a repeat prostate biopsy.


    Of 1450 men, ASAP was found in 75 (5%) patients. Repeat biopsy was performed in 49 (65%) patients. Fifteen (31%) were diagnosed with cancer, 10 (20%) with ASAP, and 24 (49%) were benign. PSA, age, and number of cores with ASAP were not associated with cancer. Gleason 6 disease was diagnosed in 12 (80%) patients. Gleason ≥ 7 cancer was found in 3 patients, or 6% of all patients with a repeat biopsy. The average linear amount of tumor was 3.2 mm, and the average tumor volume was 14.2%.


    In a contemporary prostate biopsy series, the incidence of ASAP was 5%. Among men with ASAP, incidence of cancer at repeat biopsy was 31%, with the overwhelming majority being low grade and low volume. Patients with ASAP may not require repeat biopsy within 6 months in the appropriate clinical context.