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Minimally invasive post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for nonseminoma
Department of Genitourinary Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, USA
Aug  2015 (Vol.  22, Issue  4, Pages( 7882 - 7889)
PMID: 26267026


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    We present our experience with minimally-invasive retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (MI-RPLND) in the post-chemotherapy (PC) setting for residual masses in patients with nonseminoma.


    Nineteen men who underwent PC MI-RPLND (14 - laparoscopic, 5 - robotic) for low-volume residual disease (no more than 5 clinically enlarged retroperitoneal masses, size < 5 cm, no adjacent organ or vascular invasion) between 2006 and 2011 were identified. Clinicodemographic information and pathological outcomes were reported.


    Median age of our study population was 32 (interquartile range [IQR]: 28-39). Most patients presented with clinical stage II disease (63%) and were categorized as good risk (90%) by the International Germ Cell Consensus Classification. Median size of residual masses on PC imaging was 2.1 cm (IQR: 1.7-3). Full-template bilateral RPLND was completed in 53% of cases, and modified left-sided RPLND in 47%. Median operative time was 370 minutes (IQR: 320-420), and median estimated blood loss was 300 cc (IQR: 150-450). Median length of stay was 3 days (IQR: 2-3). Five patients (26%) experienced a postoperative 30 day complication, but none were higher than Clavien grade II. On final pathology, median number of lymph nodes removed was 12 (IQR: 8-23), and 8 patients (42%) had residual teratoma. No patient experienced a recurrence at median follow up of 24 months (IQR: 5-76).


    PC MI-RPLND is a feasible option in a select group of patients with acceptable patient morbidity and short-term outcomes. Longer follow up is required to determine the oncologic efficacy of this approach.