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Chronic prostatitis-like symptoms in African males aged 16-19 years
Department of Psychology, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Feb  2012 (Vol.  19, Issue  1, Pages( 6081 - 6087)
PMID: 22316508


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    To estimate the prevalence of chronic prostatitis (CP)-like symptoms in African adolescents, examining the impact of demographic factors, CP-like symptoms (i.e., pain, urinary) and depressive symptoms on quality of life (QoL).


    Community dwelling African males aged 16-19 years (M = 16.97; SD = .88; n = 166), attending secondary school participated. CP-like case identification was based on NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index definition (NIH-CPSI; pain in perineum and/or with ejaculation and NIH-CPSI total pain score of >= 4 [mild] and >= 8 [moderate-severe]). The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) assessed depressive symptoms. CP-like point prevalence was estimated and multivariable regressions predicted diminished QoL as screened in the NIH-CPSI QoL domain. Participants were consented by field researchers and all potential participants agreed to complete the measures in classroom setting.


    Prevalence of at least mild CP-like symptoms by NIH-CPSI case identification was 13.3%, with 5.4% of adolescents reporting moderate-severe symptoms. Greater pain, urinary and depressive symptoms and rural setting of school were associated with diminished QoL, and pain (beta = .36) most strongly predicted poorer QoL.


    As in North American adults and adolescents, African adolescents report CP-like symptom occurrence with pain associated with lower QoL. The data suggest an adolescent CP syndrome is an internationally important and understudied area for future epidemiological and clinical investigations.