PURPOSE: The robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has become the most common operative choice for localized prostate cancer. At our institution, we have also seen a substantial increase in the proportion of RARP. Possible patient factors may include marketing, increased Internet usage by patients, and patient-to-patient communication. We surveyed urologists from the central United States to determine possible surgeon factors for the popularity of the RARP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We mailed a survey to all urologists in the South Central Section of the American Urological Association. After demographic information was obtained, participants were asked to choose an operation for themselves based on two prostate cancer scenarios; low risk and high risk. RESULTS: For the low risk prostate cancer scenario, 54.3% chose RARP while 32.9% chose a radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). In the high risk scenario, 32.3% chose a RARP while 58.8% chose the RRP. The top reasons for choosing robotics included decreased blood loss, better pain control, and visualization of the apex. The most popular reasons for an open operation included improved lymph node dissection, better tactile sensation, and easier operation for the surgeon. The two most important factors for choosing a particular operation were cancer control and the urologist performing the operation. Also, urologists favored the operative choice in which he or she performed. CONCLUSION: Robotic assisted radical prostatectomy has become the favored operative approach for low risk prostate cancer. However, many urologists still feel an oncologic difference may exist between open and robotic surgery as evidenced by more urologists favoring an open approach for high risk prostate cancer.